Tomus 25, num. 2 – LUKEŠ, I.: Dějiny a doba postfaktická. Eseje, úvahy, glosy. Praha : Maraton, 2022. (P. Molnárová)

LUKEŠ, Igor: Dějiny a doba postfaktická. Eseje, úvahy, glosy. Praha : Maraton, 2022. 224 s. ISBN 978-80-88411-04-8 (P. Molnárová)

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – ŠÍL, J. (ed.) a kol.: Opavský kongres 1820 : Křižovatka evropské diplomacie. Opava : Statutární město Opava, 2020; HOCHEL, M. (ed.): Opavský kongres 1820 a politika Svaté aliance mezi časy. Opava : Slezská univerzita v Opavě, 2022. (P. Kunec)

ŠÍL, Jiří (ed.) a kol.: Opavský kongres 1820 : Křižovatka evropské diplomacie. Opava : Statutární město Opava, 2020. 264 s. ISBN 978-80-7572-025-2; HOCHEL, Marian (ed.): Opavský kongres 1820 a politika Svaté aliance mezi časy. Opava : Slezská univerzita v Opavě, 2022. 294 s. ISBN 978-80-7510-499-1 (P. Kunec)

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Tomus 25, num. 2

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – PÁLFFY, G.: Hungary between Two Empires 1526 – 1711. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2021. (S. Danková)

PÁLFFY, Géza: Hungary between Two Empires 1526 – 1711. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2021. 284 s. ISBN 978-0-253-05464-7 (S. Danková)

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – KODAJOVÁ, D. a kol.: Živena. 150 rokov spolku slovenských žien. Bratislava : Slovart, 2019. (J. Golian)

KODAJOVÁ Daniela a kol.: Živena. 150 rokov spolku slovenských žien. Bratislava : Slovart, 2019. 304 s. ISBN 978-80-556-4149-2 (J. Golian)

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – Správa z konferencie Digital humanities – nástroje sprístupňovania historického dedičstva (M. Smida)

Správa z konferencie Digital humanities – nástroje sprístupňovania historického dedičstva (M. Smida)

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – KMEŤ, N.: Neustála snaha rušiť Vedeckú grantovú agentúru MŠVVaŠ SR – SAV

Neustála snaha rušiť Vedeckú grantovú agentúru MŠVVaŠ SR – SAV

NORBERT KMEŤ
Ústav politických vied, Slovenská akadémia vied, v.v.i.

Unceasing efforts to do away with the Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Abstract: Currently, a significant proportion of scientific and scholarly outputs are produced within the framework of grants awarded by a specific scientific agency. There are a number of grant schemes in Slovakia that support science and research. The resources used are mostly state, public, European and, to a certain extent, private. The bulk of the projects undertaken at scholarly institutes are backed by the Scientific Grant Agency (VEGA), whose funds are provided by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the Slovak Republic (MŠVVaŠ SR) and the Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAV). Any attempt to „transform/reform“ a functioning basic research support scheme naturally provokes negative reactions in the scholarly community. These also include the material entitled „Proposal of VEGA action alternatives (/KEGA)“. It comes as a surprise, or even a shock, to read that some of the proposals for the elimination of VEGA come from the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Slovak Republic and from other supreme state administration bodies. What is invariably used as an argument is the need to make the system more efficient. It is usually emphasized, with regard to the science-support agencies, that their number does not agree with the needs, or that their centralization would enhance the quality of scientific outputs. Yet, it should be noted that centralization as such is the easiest way to administer a process and thus to assume complete control over it, allowing one to push forward their own interests. Regarding VEGA, there are constant controversies about whether it is a grant agency or just a mechanism for redistributing institutional funds. Scientific results suit politicians only when the latter wish to prove the country’s advancement level or when a specific problem is considered to be such that it could jeopardize the system’s stability. Unlike these, other research results are neglected, and, before long, the declared support is forgotten again because soon new political, social, economic or other interests of the state are found more important.

Keywords: Scientific Grant Agency (VEGA), Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the Slovak Republic, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV), politicians, centralism, sciences.

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – КОСЯК, Н.: Практика идей унионизма в политике памяти Республики Молдова (2009-2020 гг.)

Практика идей унионизма в политике памяти Республики Молдова (2009-2020 гг.)

НИКИТА КОСЯК
Белорусский государственный университет, Минск, Беларусь

The practice of Unionism ideas in the memory policy of the Republic of Moldova (2009–2020)

Abstract: The article deals with the ideas of unionism, which advocated early integration with Romania. The key attention is paid to the „renewal“ of the concept of Romanianism in order to adapt to the modern political image of the Republic of Moldova. The foreign and domestic political component of the concept at the present stage is analyzed. The role of unionism in Moldova’s memory policy through the prism of Moldovan identity is emphasized. The author suggests the periodization of the main periods in the development of the concept of Romanianism in 2009–2020. Considerable attention is paid to political parties and public associations that support one of the variants of the concepts. The role of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova with the aim of restoring Moldovan statehood based on the concept of Moldovenism is emphasized. It is concluded that unionism, since 2009, has been a full-fledged concept of state building of the republic, based on the ideas of close cooperation with Romania.

Keywords: Identity, «Moldovenism», Party of Socialists, Politics of Memory, «Romanianism», «Unionism».

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – КОРНОВЕНКО, С.: «Третій шлях» хліборобів у поглядах Мілана Годжі та В’ячеслава Липинського: спроба компаративного аналізу

«Третій шлях» хліборобів у поглядах Мілана Годжі та В’ячеслава Липинського: спроба компаративного аналізу

СЕРГІЙ КОРНОВЕНКО
Черкаський національний університет ім. Б. Хмельницького, Україна

„The third way“ of farmers in the views of Milan Hodža and Vyacheslav Lypynsky: an attempt at a comparative analysis

Abstract: The article formulates the author’s definition and reveals the essential features of „the third way“ − an alternative to the left (socialism and communism) and right (liberalism, capitalism and fascism) development models of the agrarian countries of Central and Eastern Europe, which was formulated and justified by the ideologues of agrarianism at the end of 1910s – in the 1920s.Using the example of the views of the classics of Czechoslovak (M. Hodža) and Ukrainian (V. Lypynsky) agrarianism, the common and different views of the thinkers on the theory and practice of the „third way“ are clarified. It is substantiated that the ideology of agrarianism in the vision of M. Hodža and the „wheat ideology“ of V. Lypynsky are almost identical phenomena in terms of their content. In both cases, their fundamental principle is the recognition of the peasantry as a force capable of creating a new, fairer social order thanks to its special social, spiritual, moral, and economic qualities. The views of M. Hodža and V. Lipynsky are similar in the issues of „agrarian democracy“, defense of the economic and moral advantages of agriculture, small private ownership of land, cooperation, as well as state regulation of the economy. The essential differences in the views of the two intellectuals lie in belonging to different forms of agrarianism − radical-conservative (V. Lypynsky) and moderate, parliamentary-oriented (M. Hodža), as well as in fundamentally different approaches to the perspective of the internationalization of the agrarian movement. The thesis that the Ukrainian version of agrarianism was a self-sufficient and organic component of Central and Eastern European agrarianism received further development.

Keywords: Agrarianism, Milan Hodža, Vyacheslav Lypynsky, „Agrarian Democracy“, Peasantry, „The Third Way“.

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Tomus 25, num. 2 – MASNENKO, V.: Paradox latentnej etnicity: ukrajinský prípad obdobia stredoveku a raného novoveku

Paradox latentnej etnicity: ukrajinský prípad obdobia stredoveku a raného novoveku

VITALIY MASNENKO
Čerkaská národná univerzita Bohdana Chmelnického, Ukrajina

Latent ethnicity paradox: Ukrainian case of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period

Abstract: The author of the article focuses his attention on the latent (implicit) ethnicity paradox, the essence of which lies in the fact that the ancient phenomenon of ethnicity has not yet been articulated and reflected on the social level. But definite ethnic groups and ethnicities did really exist. In the pre-modern period ethnicity articulation was realized on either a personality level or the family societal one. The specificity of the Ukrainian case lies in the fact that nation considered itself to be separate from neighbours and this approach originated in the Southern area of Eastern Slavs in the early Middle Ages period when tribe names disappeared. Since then, Kyivan Rus’ ethnic group that is the initial form of the Ukrainian community came into existence. In the course of time its ethno-cultural, ethno-social and ethno-national strata were transformed. Collaboration of historians, ethnologists and social anthropologists is necessary for the optimization of latent ethnicity research.

Keywords: latent ethnicity, ethnic group, Middle Ages period, pre-modern period, early modern period, Ukrainian case.

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